Most Common Orthopedic Surgeries

Orthopedic surgeries are those that deal with the muscles and skeleton in the human body. This kind of surgery corrects problems that arise in the skeleton, attachments, ligaments and tendons. Some other common problems arise from injury to the spine or damage due to aging. The range of treatments includes traction, amputation, hand reconstruction, spinal fusion, joint replacement etc.

Some of the other type of ailments that orthopedics treat are broken bones, strains, sprains and dislocations. Most of the times, orthopedic surgeries include adding foreign material to the body such as screws, wires, pins, tongs etc. to hold the bone or the artificial bone in place. With advanced technology, there are plenty of improvements made in the replacement of bones and joints and the materials used for replacement.

Here are the most common orthopedic surgeries:

Total Joint Replacement Surgery

Those diagnosed with severe arthritis or severe joint pains are advised to go or total joint replacement surgery. This surgery enables the patient to gain increased range of motion. After recovery, the patient experiences lesser pain and can resume normal life as soon as possible. During the treatment, your surgeon assesses the damaged parts o your joint and replaces it completely with metal or plastic parts that are shaped with near to natural perfection to enable normal movement without pain.

Total Shoulder Replacement

Total shoulder replacement greatly helps reduce pain and improves the joint movements over a period of time. Damaged parts of the bone and cartilage are replaced with metal or plastic. This surgery greatly improves the range of motion too.

Spine surgery

Spine surgery is very complicated. There are many ailments that lead to spine surgery. One of the most common reasons cited is severe back pain. This back pain is so severe that it hampers day to day life of the patient. Once the surgery is complete, the patient experiences diminished pain and a dramatic improvement in movement and activity. One of the most common types of back surgeries are spinal fusion. During this procedure, the orthopedic surgeon joins two vertebrae of the back bone together. This restricts the motion and reduces stress on the spinal cord, hence reducing the pain.

ACL Reconstruction

ACL stands for Anterior Cruciate Ligament. This is one of the major ligaments that stabilize the knee movements. This ligament needs to be reconstructed when it ruptures. An orthopedic surgeon can easily reconstruct this ligament by using your own tissues or by using tissues from a donor and a new ACL is constructed. The new ligament is secured in place with screws and other devices.

Overall, orthopedic surgeon can replace, reconstruct or cure ailments that are connected to your musculoskeletal system. The results of these treatments ensure that the patient can resume day to day life with diminished pain and increased capability of movement. With advanced technology, near to natural reconstructions are possible and after the patient recovers, he can resume routine life soon.

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When a Person Should Consider Hip Replacement Surgery

Hip arthroplasty, or hip replacement surgery, involves removing the diseased parts of the hip joints and inserting a prosthetic to increase mobility and relieve pain. Many people consider undergoing this procedure if they experience pain, swelling, or stiffness in their hips. They opt for this surgery if other treatments to relieve their pain don’t work. Although this surgery can improve the quality of life for many, a potential candidate should discuss any existing medical conditions with their doctor as some conditions and diseases can hinder the chance of a successful procedure.

Pain, Swelling, and Stiffness

Most people seek guidance from a doctor regarding hip replacement due to pain, swelling, or another discomfort. For many individuals, warning signs include pain when exercising, walking, climbing stairs, or even when they’re at rest.

Since this pain can impair a person’s daily routine, this surgery may be the best option for someone ready to reestablish the active life they had before.

When Other Treatments Fail to Work

Those considering this procedure should remember that this is a major surgery; even the least invasive form of a hip replacement can be a life-altering surgery that will involve discomfort, pain, and recovery time. A person should consider this surgery only as a last resort when all other options fall short.

And doctors and medical experts agree. According to Mayo Clinic Orthopedics Physician Michael Taunton, M.D., potential candidates should first find out if nonsurgical options will relieve their pain. For many, a combination of weight loss, changes in diet and activity level, and some anti-inflammatory medication is sufficient. Or, an aid such as a cane or walker can take some stress off of that particular joint. However, if a person has tried all of these nonsurgical options and they’re still dealing with less mobility and more pain, then it should be time to discuss hip replacement with their doctor.

But Surgery Is Not for Everyone

Anyone that has any kind of infection should seek treatment before considering this surgery if they want to avoid any infections in the new joint. A person should reconsider if they have a history of heart or lung problems, diabetes, or blood clots, as these medical conditions may hinder recovery or cause complications after surgery. Physicians will also suggest certain lifestyle changes, such as smoking cessation and weight loss, before deciding to operate.

Many patients will be able to return to their normal daily activities and routines after several days or several weeks (depends on the individual). They will then notice an improvement in their body, joints, and overall health and lifestyle.

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